Industries and jobs of the future

Many of us are told that our degrees will be useless in a few years because of drastic and frequent changes in modern industries, so how do we minimise the chance of being thrown out of the labor market and adapt to it instead?

We are currently living through the Fourth Industrial Revolution, which is characterised not only by advances in technology, but mainly by advances in communication. Artificial Intelligence and Robotics are implemented in day-to-day life at a massive scale and it seems very difficult to keep up with. We will show you how to stay on top of the employment chain.

Which professions are increasingly popular?

According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Employment Projections 2016-2026, there are various trends in the main industries with increasing demand. The highest growth can be observed and predicted for Environmental industries, such as solar energy technicians and wind energy technicians. The majority of the growing job market is related to personal care and medical assistance: Personal Care Aides, Home Health Aides, Nurse Practitioners etc. There’s also an expected surge in positions for Mathematicians and Statisticians, and of course the growing need for IT specialists, Software Developers and Data Protection Officers. Business and Compliance analysts are foreseen to be popular as the entrepreneurial world keeps expanding and innovation is at the top of companies priorities. Sales and Marketing jobs will not be declining, business requires creative fuel and interpersonal relationships that can facilitate success.

IT, Computer Engineering and FinTech

The difference between the IT job market and other industries is that you can never predict too far in the future. As an industry that constantly strives for innovation, it requires specialists that are prepared for continuous development and education, as well as long hours of practice. Major recruiters have rigorous demands when it comes to experience, sometimes only accepting applicants with at least 2 years in a working environment, but newer and smaller start-ups mostly require around 6 months experience in a relevant sector.

According to the CIO magazine, the following jobs will be in highest demand in 2019:

  • Business intelligence analyst
  • Cloud architect
  • Cloud systems engineer
  • Data scientist
  • Database developer
  • Developer (web, software, mobile)
  • DevOps engineer
  • Full-stack developers
  • Help desk and desktop support specialists
  • IoT specialists
  • Network administrators
  • Security professionals (information, data, network, systems)
  • Systems administrators

The recruiters which are looking to hire IT specialists specify how you can get an advantage over other applicants and make yourself stand out. In the industry that has one of the highest rates of growth and an increasing number of applicants, higher education in IT and Computer Science degrees opens doors in the job market, but to really put yourself ahead of other job seekers you must demonstrate exceptional passion and ability. Most importantly, showing proof of your skills is essential. Having a portfolio of projects that you have created is a massive boost for your application.

If you desire to work for companies in fields such as FinTech and E-Commerce, you need to show the business how you can be the key element to facilitate their enterprise and become the heart of the team. That requires high quality soft skills as well as technological abilities.
Bill George, an American Businessman and Harvard Business School Professor has identified the key characteristics that facilitate global business expansion and created a term for them – Global Intelligence (GQ). GQ includes the following elements:

  • Adaptability to changing world
  • Self-awareness
  • Cultural curiosity
  • Empathy
  • Alignment
  • Collaboration
  • Integration

Environmental services

Technological advances of the previous industrial revolutions have created a range of long-lasting environmental problems that must be reversed. The impact of pollution and climate change is lethal and rapid, so if you decide to join the industry that eliminates these threats, you can be confident in the stability of your work and pay.

Here are some key facts derived from “Renewable Energy and Jobs”, the International Renewable Energy Agency Annual Review, 2018:
Global renewable energy employment reached 10.3 million jobs in 2017, an increase of 5.3% compared with the number reported in the previous year.
The awareness of socio-economic benefits is quickly becoming worldwide, but the highest density of Environmental jobs remain in China, Brazil, the US, India, Germany and Japan.
The Chinese labor market alone accounts for 43% of all green jobs, especially in solar heating, solar photovoltaic and wind power sectors.

According to National Geographic, 10 of the fastest growing green jobs are:

  • Biofuels jobs
  • Water Quality Technicians
  • Wave Energy Producers
  • Green Design Professionals
  • Wind Energy Workers
  • Green Builders
  • Natural (Environmental) Scientists
  • Recyclers
  • Clean Car Engineers
  • Solar Cell Technicians

There is a range of university degrees available to those wanting to work with nature, but not only does it take knowledge, you also need some skills to be able to thrive in the industry. TARGETJobs has listed the key skills necessary to be able to get an Environmental profession:

  • Problem solving
  • An investigative mind
  • Observation skills and critical thinking
  • Innovative thinking
  • Good with statistics
  • Commercial awareness

Healthcare and Personal Care

Some of the highest paid and most sought for professions are part of the Healthcare Industry.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) reported that “antibiotic resistance is one of the biggest threats to global health, food security, and development today”, and the same applies to all the drug-resistant diseases that have emerged globally. This disaster calls for quick solutions, and those whose main aim is finding the solutions are:

  • Clinical immunologists
  • Clinical microbiologists
  • Laboratory staff
  • Virologists
  • Epidemiologists
  • Clinical Research Administrators

No amount of technological advances can override nature, people tend to get sick for a variety of reasons, but there is a shift in the type of care that patients are looking for. The global population is ageing and reporting a worrying degree of loneliness. The rise in age-related illnesses and loneliness creates a huge demand for these types of positions:

  • Physician Assistant
  • Physicians and Surgeons
  • Nurse Practitioners
  • Personal Care Aide
  • Home Health Aide
  • Occupational Therapy Assistant or Aide
  • Physical Therapy Assistant or Aide
  • Genetic Counselor
  • Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
  • Cardiology Technologists and Technicians

Most of these jobs don’t require a university degree, some of them provide training on the job and some require you to complete educational courses, which is definitely an upside for people who want to work in healthcare but aren’t attracted to the idea of completing a long medical degree. The lack of necessity for specialised education, however, means that the average salaries aren’t very high.

The industry has meticulous work hours, increasing demands and a need for resilient employees. The Advance Healthcare Network has listed the vital characteristics necessary to work in Healthcare:

  • Emotional stability
  • Flexibility
  • Strong work ethic and time management
  • Ability to deal with pressure
  • Self-confidence
  • Ability to deal with criticism
  • Attention to detail

In order to really get a sense of what it is going to be like for you in your chosen field, undertaking an internship as early as possible is crucial. It can be a good idea to take up an apprenticeship after finishing your education, where you can learn skills while starting to earn a salary. This is a good method to get direct mentorship from professionals who work in the field, not only academics who teach the theory in educational institutions.

Written for ORT Alumni Network by World ORT staff, 18/01/2019